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Raiding the Paratexts of Lara Croft

by Ethan Tussey

by Mia Consalvo for IN MEDIA RES

Paratexts surround videogames and shape how we view, play, and understand them. Lara Croft is one of the most publicized videogame characters ever created, and certainly one of the most long-lived female game characters. When I began to play videogames again in 2000, I encountered Lara and the controversy surrounding her; all of which has re-appeared periodically with the release of each new iteration in the franchise. Lara has had films, novels and comics made about her; she was a spokes-avatar for Lucozade drink; she has appeared on the covers of Time and Newsweek magazines; and music groups have dedicated songs to her. And in her latest installment, Tomb Raider, Lara is rebooted and depicted as a younger woman who through circumstance is transformed into the tough adventurer that graces the earlier games.

This suggests that it is impossible to understand or interpret Lara apart from that context. We can only see Lara through our individual, experiential lenses. For me that means the first game I tried, and at which I repeatedly failed, the film starring Angelina Jolie, and one of the models impersonating Lara at E3. And just as players cannot escape paratexts neither can a game’s creators. Developer Crystal Dynamics cannot avoid what reviewers have said in the past, how fans comment on the series (such as in the mashup included here), and the place of Lara in the wider videogame universe.

 This discussion inevitably returns me to Espen Aarseth’s early writings about avatars and Lara in particular, where he argued “When I play, I don't even see her body, but see through it and past it.” Aarseth has already been critiqued for his position, but what I’d like to close with is to suggest that such a position is impossible given the contexts in which games now exist. And with Lara in particular, playing as Lara is as over-determined and complex an activity as one is likely to find in a contemporary videogame experience.

Lara Croft and James Bond Team Up

Lara Croft and James Bond Team Up

from Tomb Raider (2006)
Creator: Crystal Dynamics
Distributor: YouTube
Posted by Ethan Tussey
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